Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Theme Of Social Change And Freedom English Literature Essay

Theme Of Social Change And Freedom English Literature look forIn some(prenominal) the plays The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov and A Dolls accommodate by Henry Ibsen the protagonist is a woman. Madame Ranevsky of the The Cherry Orchard and Nora Helmer of the A Dolls House both find themselves enchained and dupes of the social norms existing at that time and their own personal past. In the beginning both Nora and Madame Ranevskys lives were moulded to comply with social norms still the play sees their evolution from controlled women to the independent characters free from social constraints as well as burden of their past memories. This evolution towards their freedom was both the consequence as well as catalyst for furthering the social change in society at large, although several characters in both the plays like Firs and Trophimof deal with the potential dissimilarity among social progress and social change and doubt the effectiveness of the Liberation.Moreover emancipation o f serfs has led Lopakhin previously a serf into flourishing as a liberated, wealthy businessman. With financial success Lopakhin witnesses a significant class change within the society. In the company of Madame Ranevsky, Lopakhin feels self conscious, still a peasant at heart precisely deep down in his mind he knows that things have changed in his favour. Against this background of Lopakhins success, the bankruptcy faced by Mrs. Revesky further frustrates her. When Lopakhin offers his jut out to her in order to improve her financial position by the construction of villas at the cherry orchard, Mrs. Revesky refusal not only exhibits her impractical attitude and lack of business acumen but also she is not free from her image of an aristocrat- she is still a slave of her passions she spends extravagantly ignoring her present crises. She is not only a victim of social change around her but also of her own flaws and passions and her running back to her former lover in Paris in the en d displays her want to seek liberation from her past memories which have chained her throughout her life. She although unlike Nora Helmer does not want to develop into an independent, intellectual personality as she still wants well-nigh support system to cling on which in the end is her former lover. Moreover it seems that her running away from her past memories although is liberating her from her times of yore but she is not arduous to find her true self in this liberating process. She is still unable to discover herself which is clearly pictured as a goal by Nora Helmer in A Dolls House.In the A Dolls House written by Henrik Ibsen in 1879 at the time of the movement of Naturalism, which is regarded as a milestone in theatre for its meansofpragmaticindividuals, locations and situations,Henrikrestrictshisstorytothemiddleclass families and his writings are of a society that is partial not only by its means of living but also its outlook. In his play, Henrik deals with womens righ ts as a matter of significance, which on the contrary was neglected throughout that time period. The heroin of his play, Nora Helmer suffers an inferior character and is a victim of social norms, in the beginning she struggles desperately to conform to these norms but ultimately evolves towards self liberation. Its only after eight years when Krogstad blackmails her for forging her dying fathers touch modality that she realises that she lived with a hypocrite and her affection and love for her husband was of least interest to him and he would no matter what consider his social reputation more heavy than his family. Nora changes herself to become independent, free form social constraints to explore her own goals and beliefs. Throughout much of the play Nora Helmers character is depicted as subjugated by both authoritarian social conventions and manipulations of Torvald Helmer, her husband. But unlike Mrs. Ranevskys character that remains unchanged throughout the play, Nora is a dyn amic character. Noras personal character sees a remarkable revolution. From a meek and submissive, childlike silly wife to her husband, she mutates into independent personality seeking self realization and inherconcludinglines Nora states Im a human being no lesstry to understand them3Noradiscardsthemale-controlledstructure of her familythatrefusesheraself-determiningindividuality. She demandsanalteration,aprogressionof her relations founded on edification and egalitarianism. BydecliningTorvald of being called as her husband andbydisagreeing withthemissingand at rest(p)fatherwhosefamily nameshebrought into play by means ofcounterfeitsignature, Nora has travelled the remoteness and has promoted the capacity in her to doubt the spurious conventions that since her childhood have held her in repressed and overpowered. In the play, authors award to Nora, the righttostrideon the way toherpersonalindividuality, Ibsen has provided herwith therighttodiscover her personal language,todesignate herownname.Noras closing gesticulation announces her character from the rigid role ofawife.Noraseemstorise as a principal example of liberation. Nora adamantly insists on pullingherselfawayfrom Torvalds outlook of her as a conventional wife. She on the other hand makes a decision to distinguish herself as someone in process, in a condition of achieving, rather than of having a definite and rigid individuality. Nora walks out of the house to locate her being and educate herself. With the understanding that her matrimony had been a lie, the world is dissimilar outside, and that there are tidy sum who will lend her a hand to get through life, she makes a decision to develop into her own person.I think, for a woman as sweet Nora who had an affectionate and caring mind that was prepared to do anything for her husband, nothing else mattered except her family. She had a fervent and dedicated would happily forfeit everything as the reason of her foundation is to be enjoyable for her chi ldren and husband and to have fun. After discovering that Nora copied signature of her father on the loan bind, her husband, Torvald nullifies their marriage without caring Noras love towards him which made her take this step. In their last conversation Torvald becomes more oppressive and saysNora, I would gladly work for your sake. But no man can be expected to sacrifice his honour, plain for the person he loves and she on realising the situation he wants to maintain answers him, Millions of women have done it4In my opinion, in the beginning of both the plays, the protagonists because of their situations had inauthentic personalities which progressively and in the end developed into much finer and genuine personas. Moreover with the help of depicted economic circumstances and the unusual personality of the characters, both the plays, The Cherry Orchard and A Dolls House suggest that there are two sources which determine change and freedom which are economics which comes from with out and control over oneself which in contrast comes from within. playscript Limit 1410

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